The number of people who have developed diabetes has increased dramatically worldwide over the past five to ten years, due in part to diet and a more sedentary lifestyle.
Among the medical issues related to diabetes is your oral health, in particular your teeth and gums.
How Does Diabetes Affect Your Oral Health
Diabetes lowers your body’s ability to fight infection and slows the healing process, conditions that can affect your teeth and gums.
High blood glucose levels can cause the growth of bacteria in your saliva. It can also cause the buildup of plaque on your teeth, resulting in red, sore and swollen gums that bleed when you brush your teeth.
If left unchecked, this situation can lead to periodontitis. Periodontitis a chronic inflammation and infection of the gums and bone that holds your teeth in place. As the infection progresses, your gums may pull away from your teeth and you could lose your teeth.
In addition to sore and bleeding gums, other signs of periodontal disease include the following:
- Bad breath or a bad taste in your mouth
- Loose or separating teeth
- Sensitive teeth
- Gums pulling away from your teeth
- Difference in your bite
What Can Good Oral Health Habits Do
Good oral health habits are the best way of minimizing the threat of gum disease for everyone but are especially important if you have diabetes.
Some basic steps you can take to ensure a healthy lifestyle include:
- Controlling your blood glucose level
- Following a healthy eating plan
- Regular physical activity
- Flossing and brushing your teeth
Visiting your dentist twice a year is an integral part of good oral hygiene to complement your routine of brushing, flossing, and diet. Your dentist and hygiene team can check for early signs of gum disease or other problems with your teeth that may impact your health.
At Dentistry at Clarkson Village Shoppes, dental professionals will work with you to develop an oral hygiene routine that will ensure your teeth and gums are healthy.